Not by Fire but by Ice
THE NEXT ICE AGE - NOW!
Discover What Killed the Dinosaurs . . . and Why it Could Soon Kill Us
Updated 30 Dec 2008
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Ground moving upward at Yellowstone caldera
On October 14 and 15, a swarm of 74 small earthquakes struck
within the Yellowstone Caldera, 12 km NW of Old Faithful.
It's interesting to note that the last major eruption of Yellowstone
some 640,000 years ago coincided with a geomagnetic reversal.
More information on earthquake swarms at Yellowstone:
65 Small Earthquakes in Yellowstone in September
During the month of September 2006, 65 earthquakes were located in the
Yellowstone region. GPS data show that most of the Yellowstone caldera
continued moving upward at the same relative rates as the past year.
The maximum measured ground uplift over the past 24 months is ~12 cm
at the White Lake GPS stations. http://www.mines.utah.edu/~ggcmpsem/UUSATRG/GPS/Site_Info/pboscat_lkwy.gif
Another recent uplift episode at Yellowstone
Info on long-term ground deformation at Yellowstone: http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/yvo/2006/uplift.html
Recent Earthquakes in the Intermountain West http://www.seis.utah.edu/req2webdir/recenteqs/Quakes/quakes0.html
Yellowstone one of the largest and most active calderas in the world
"Yellowstone Caldera is one of the largest and most active calderas in the world. The spectacular geysers, boiling hot springs, and mud pots that have made Yellowstone famous -- and even the strikingly beautiful Grand Canyon of Yellowstone through which the Yellowstone River plunges -- owe their existence to the tremendous volcanic forces that have affected the region during the past 2 million years. Cataclysmic eruptions 2.0, 1.3, and 0.6 million years ago ejected huge volumes of rhyolite magma; each eruption formed a caldera and extensive layers of thick pyroclastic-flow deposits. The youngest caldera is an elliptical depression, nearly 80 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide, that occupies much of Yellowstone National Park. The caldera is buried by several extensive rhyolite lava flows erupted between 75,000 and 150,000 years ago."
Yellowstone Rated ‘High Threat’ for Volcanic Eruption
6 May 05 - Yellowstone ranks 21st most dangerous of the169 volcano
centers in the
, according to a report from the U.S. Geological United States
Survey. Recurring earthquake swarms, swelling and falling ground, and
changes in hydrothermal features are cited in the report as evidence of unrest
Hawaiireceived the highest overall threat score followed by
Mount St. Helens,
Mount Rainer, Mount Hood, and Mount Shasta.
Five potential super volcanoes – 15 Apr 2005 –
Here’s a link that will let you track five potential super volcanoes.
See Five Potential Supervolcanoes
Mega volcano threatens Sumatra
18 April 05 - Volcanic ash forced thousands of people to flee the region near
Mount. Semeru, southeast of Surabaya, the capital of East Java, Sumatra. Volcanic activity in the region during the past week have signaled an eminent mega volcano. This area is just on the opposite side of the globe from the “Yellow Stone Hot Spot” in America.
Toba, also in
Sumatra, experienced a massive VEI 8.0 super volcano some 74,000 years ago. Experts say that if that should happen again, the world would experience disastrous consequences. The last time Toba erupted, it wiped out almost 75% of all living creatures on earth.
Volcanism killed the Dinosaurs. "It wasn't the impact of an asteroid that killed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago, reports Science Daily of new research from Cardiff University in Wales. "It was a mantle plume, a huge volcanic eruption from deep within Earth's mantle...." "The massive outpouring of lava, ashes, and gas can have significant effects on climate." (I agree, I agree, I agree. I think the mantle plume heated the seas. This caused increased evaporation. Then the excess moisture rose into the skies, skies which had already cooled because of the ash. This lead to massive increases in snowfall, and to an ice age. And that's what I've been saying all along.)
Talang Volcano Erupts
12 Apr 05 - Talang volcano, just 40 kilometers east of the capital of West Sumatra province,
Padang, erupted Tuesday morning, pumping ash some 25,000 feet into the sky. So far 20,000 people have been evacuated. Talang volcano is at alert level 4 (out of 4) and volcanic activity has been increasing following Mentawai earthquake of 10th April.
More details at http://www.volcanolive.com
Underwater volcanoes pose tsunami threat
July 28, 2005 – See Tsunami Threat
Supervolcanoes: Ticking Time Bomb
Here’s a compilation from two recent articles, one Shaky faultline raises the threat of a super-volcano” written by and published in news.com.au Roberta Mancuso in the Australian news entitled “Super volcanoes 'ticking time bomb'.”
See Supervolcanoes-Ticking Time Bomb
explodes once again - as it inevitably must - it will spew out enough ash and magma to change the world as we know it." National Park .Another important article about Yellowstone
"When the supervolcano that lies beneath Yellowstone
See Yellowstone Slumbering Giant
Underwater Volcanoes Erupting Simultaneously
All Over the World
14 Mar 05 - See Volcanoes Erupting Around World
Intense volcanic activity linked to dinosaur-era extinctions
N1 Nov 03: Peter Ward, a University of Washington paleontologist, thinks intense volcanic activity may have caused widespread extinctions 250 million years ago at the end-Permian, and about 200 million years ago at the end-Triassic.
Underwater volcanic activity in Arctic Ocean
far stronger than anyone imagined
See Volcanoes in Arctic Ocean
Volcanic 'flood' linked to extinction
"A huge outpouring of molten rock 250 million years ago may have been the decisive factor in the deaths of nearly all life forms on the Earth at that time." So says a recent article in the journal Science.
The flood basalts at the Siberian Traps covered around 3.9 million square kilometers, says Marc Reichow, of the University of Leicester, UK., an area much larger than previously believed.
Reichow's studies suggest that the "volcanic flood" was about one mile deep, and covered an area half the size of Australia.
Thanks to Adam Lemanski for this info
Question. If the vast majority of volcanic activity takes place under water, wouldn't it seem as if an underwater area several times the size of Australia should have been concurrently covered with a mile-deep layer of lava?
And every single one of those millions of kilometers of lava would have been incredibly hot; up to 2,100 degrees Fahrenheit hot.
It's not global warming, it's ocean warming, and it's leading us into an ice age.
I think the same thing happened at the dinosaur extinction of 65 million years ago. For anyone familiar with that extinction, you know that there was a huge volcanic outpouring at the time known as the Deccan Traps. It covered one million square miles of India and the surrounding areas under successive layers of basalt up to one-and-a-half-miles deep.
According to paleontologist Dewey McLean, a good portion of the Deccan Traps was submarine. This would explain why ocean temperatures at the dinosaur extinction rose by some 14° to 22°F. See http://filebox.vt.edu/artsci/geology/mclean/Dinosaur_Volcano_Extinction/index.html
For more background on Yellowstone, see also:
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