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Krakatoa – No plant growth for 2 years

Eruption in 535 AD killed
a
huge percentage of the world’s population

By Michael Relfe
 

 

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4 Nov 10 - (Excerpts) - "In AD 535/536 mankind was hit by one of the greatest natural disasters ever to occur ….  It blotted out much of the light and heat of the sun for 18 months and resulted, directly or indirectly in climatic chaos, famine, migration, war and massive political change on virtually every continent”. 

This is in the opening page of “Catastrophe” by David Keys, 1999, a book that should have been on the best seller lists but very few people know of.  This article is an attempt to summarize that book and discuss some of the implications.
 

Areas of the United States once covered by volcanic ash from Yellowstone eruptions of 2 million and 630,000 years ago, compared with the 760,000-year-old Long Valley caldera eruptions at Mammoth Lakes, CA, and the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens, WA. (Adapted from Sarna-Wojcicki, 1991.)

   
          When Yellowstone blows, Las Vegas and Phoenix will
          be covered with a three foot layer of ash
, says Keys. 

The contemporary Roman historian Procopius described the mystery climatic disaster: “The sun gave forth its light without brightness like the moon during this whole year.

Sixth century historian and prominent church leader John of Ephesus wrote of 535 AD in his ‘Historiae Ecclesiasicae’ (‘Church Histories’), “There was a sign from the sun, the like of which had never been seen and reported before. The sun became dark and its darkness lasted for 18 months.  Each day, it shone for about four hours, and still this light was only a feeble shadow.  Everyone declared that the sun would never recover its full light again.

Another 6th Century writer Zacharias of Mytilene wrote, “The sun began to be darkened by day and the moon by night.”

A Roman official known as John the Lydian reported that “the sun became dim for nearly the whole year.”

In Italy a Senior local civil servant, Cassiodorus Sentaro wrote in 536, “We marvel to see no shadows of ourselves at noon….We have had a spring without mildness and a summer without heat.”

According to Keys, this one global disaster directly or indirectly caused the deaths of a huge percentage of the world’s population.  It indirectly affected the politics on every continent and contributed to the fall of the Roman Empire. The 100-year period after it occurred is the heart of history’s so-called Dark Ages.” 

In 536 the Japanese Great King Senka wrote, “Yellow gold and ten thousand strings of cash cannot cure hunger. What avails a thousand boxes of pearls to him who is starving of cold?”

                                                          * * *

Relfe goes on to give more evidence of a major global disaster in 535 A.D., including the collapse of the great Mexican city of Teotihuacan and the many plagues of the time, including the 'Great Death.' He then pinpoints Krakatoa as the culprit, and goes on to reconstruct the Eruption.

"Could such a catastrophe happen again?" asks Relfe.

Yellowstone National Park is the world’s largest dormant volcano, Relfe notes.  It covers 1,500 square miles. It will almost certainly one day burst forth upon the world as Krakatoa did. “It appears to erupt roughly once every 600,000 – 700,000 yeas – and the last eruption was exactly 630,000 years ago," said Keys. "What’s more, the last decade has seen a substantial increase in potential pre-eruption activity”.

Keys wrote in 1999: “Since 1988, upward pressure exerted by the magma reservoir and magma-heated water-vapour has forced hundreds of square miles of land to rise by three feet….

Then Relfe speaks of the currently dormant super-volcano in Long Valley, California, and the one beneath Naples, Italy. The super-volcano in Italy is known to have erupted cataclysmically twice – once 37,000 years ago, and again 12,000 years ago.

(Note from Robert: These dates roughly correspond with the Lake Mungo magnetic reversal and the Gothenburg magnetic reversal.)

Relfe also mentions the increasing restlessness of Rabaul in Papua New Guinea, along with five other large potentially active caldera volcanoes in the Alaskan Aleutian Islands and Mexico…."If any one of these volcanoes explode, world climate would be plunged into chaos, precisely as it was in the sixth century”, says Relfe.

When Yellowstone blows, Las Vegas and Phoenix will be covered with a three foot layer of ash, says Keys. 

So long as you don't live within a very large radius of the volcano itself, you will not be killed immediately. However, a BBC documentary said that one super volcano killed animals by covering them with ash 1,600 km (1,000 miles) away!. So it is clear that if Yellowstone blows a big one, it will wipe out about half of the US.

See entire article:
http://www.metatech.org/A06/world_catastrophe_super_volcano.html





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